A friend of mine was asking what is the permissibility in passing wind to keep the wudu? What does the excused person have to entail to be excused? (how often does wind need to pass, how much, if its occurs a lot some days and less other days, etc)
Answered by: Mufti Abdullah Nana
Verified by: Mufti Abdurrahman ibn Yusuf
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious Most Merciful
‘Allama Ibn Abidin al-Shami explains that one of the people who is considered to be excused (ma’dhur) in Islamic law is that person who cannot control the muscles of his buttocks. (Radd al-Muhtar 1:305). According to this definition, it will not matter how much wind he/she passes, rather this will depend on his ability or inability to control the passing of gas.
The general ruling regarding an excused person will also apply in this case. A person will be considered excused if he or she is unable to control the passing of wind for a complete salat time from beginning to end. From then he or she will continue to be considered excused if his or her sickness and inability to control the passing of wind is found even for a brief period of time in the subsequent salat times, e.g. Zuhr time from 1:15-5:00. If a complete salat time passes without the presence of this sickness, then this person will no longer be considered excused. (Radd al-Muhtar 1:305). An excused person has to perform one wudu for each salat time and this wudu will remain intact even if he or she is continuously passing gas, having drops of urine come out, etc. The wudhu breaks only upon termination of the salat time or if any other nullifier of salat occurs, like bleeding, sleep, etc.
Allah knows best.
Mufti Abdullah Nana